Coronavirus Symptoms, Diagnosis, Prevention

What is a coronavirus?
Coronavirus belongs to the family of viruses that cause disease in animals. This family consists of seven viruses including new type known as COVID-19 novel coronavirus that is affecting people all over the world. Originally, it was named as novel coronavirus-infected pneumonia (NCIP) by World Health Organization. COVID-19 novel coronavirus is new and hence not much information is known about it till date. The World Health Organization (WHO) is working to identify the working mechanism, transmission, ways of spreading, and more about this virus. 

Symptoms, Diagnosis of New Coronavirus:

A number of symptoms can identify the presence of coronavirus. Usually, the symptoms are similar to respiratory diseases such as common cold and flu.  Some patients may feel pain, sore throat, nasal congestion, and runny nose. Initial cases of COVID-19 presented as pneumonia. Main symptoms of coronavirus may include as the following:
Breath shortness
Dry Cough & headache
Sore throat
Pain, Fatigue, and Tiredness
Dyspnea, Myalgia, and malaise

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19)

How quickly do symptoms of Coronavirus emerge?
Symptoms appear between 2 and 10 days after contracting the virus, but it may be up to 24 days. About 80% people recover from the disease without any special treatment. However, around one out of every six people (16 percent) becomes seriously ill and develops shortness of breath.

Protection from the novel coronavirus:

When infected person gets in contact with normal person, then normal person can acquire this virus. Usually, coughing and sneezing can cause the transmission of coronavirus. Contaminated surfaces may also spread virus so there is a dire need to frequently wash your hands. Following preventive measures can help you to protect yourself and your family from coronavirus:
(1) Stay at home.
(2) Avoid shaking hands or cheek kissing.
(3) Carry a hand sanitizing gel or alcohol-based hand rubs with you.
(4) Clean your hands with soap and water. Wash hands before eating.
(5) Cover your nose & mouth while coughing or sneezing and avoid contact with anyone who has symptoms like fever, cough, sore throat, fatigue, and shortness of breath.
(6) Be careful in busy places such as airports or bus stations, and other public transport systems.
(7) Carry disposable tissues with you and clean your nose and mouth with it.
(8) Clean commonly used surfaces and devices you touch or handle.

Self-quarantine advice:

The following countries are at a higher risk for COVID-19:
Mainland China
South Korea
If you have been overseas in the last 14 days and are feeling unwell, consult your medical practitioner immediately.
If you have been in, or transited through, mainland China, Iran or South Korea, You need to self-quarantine for 14 days:
If you begin to feel unwell and develop a fever or shortness of breath, a cough or a respiratory illness during your period of self-quarantine you should seek immediate medical attention.
If you have been in close contact with someone who already has novel coronavirus, then you must seek medical help instantly.

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